COMPULSORY BASIC TRAINING
All learner motorcycle and moped riders must complete a compulsory basic training (CBT) course before riding on the road.
CBT is arranged so that you progress through a series of elements. You will only move on to the next element when your Instructor is happy you have learnt the theory you need and shown the practical skills to a safe basic level.
Your Instructor will explain the basics; an overview of CBT, equipment and clothing and conduct an eyesight check. The Instructor will ask you to read the number plate on a parked vehicle to test your eyesight. If you fail the test, your riding test will not continue.
At the end of this element you should understand the purpose and content of CBT.
practical on-site training
This element introduces you to the motorcycle giving you knowledge of the mechanics and giving you a feel for its weight and balance. This element will include motorcycle controls, basic safety checks and use of the stands, wheeling the motorcycle and braking to stop, and the starting and stopping the engine.
practical on-site riding
In this element you will begin riding a motorcycle. By the time you have finished this element you will have developed enough basic skills to allow you to ride a motorcycle under control. You will learn the essential techniques including: rear observation, the 'observation - signal - manoeuvre' (OSM) routine, and the 'position - speed - look' (PSL) routine. You will then practice these practical skills.
Overall, the element will cover: riding in a straight line and stopping, riding slowly, using the brakes, changing gear, riding a figure of eight, emergency stop, rear observation, turning left and right, and u-turns.
practical on-road training
Having carried out theory and practical training off-road, your Instructor will now prepare you for the on-road element of CBT.
This element will cover the information you will need to ride legally and safely on the road. It will be the foundations on which you will build your motorcycling career.
Overall, the element will cover: being visible to other road users, legal requirements, vulnerability of motorcyclists, speed, Highway Code, anticipation, rear observation, road positioning, separation distance, weather conditions, road surfaces, alcohol and drugs, attitude, and hazard perception.
practical on-road riding
This is the final element of the CBT course. You will ride out on the road with a certified instructor, and possibly with one other trainee, for at least two hours. You will be in radio contact with the Instructor. You will have to prove that you can cope safely with a variety of road and traffic conditions.
Expect your Instructor to stop sometimes to discuss some aspects of your riding. They will also explain how the theory you have learnt should be put in to practice.
Your riding will be assessed constantly by your Instructor. They will sign a Certificate of Completion (DL196) when they are happy you are safe to continue learning alone.
Overall, the element will cover: traffic lights, roundabouts, junctions, pedestrian crossings, riding on slopes and hills, bends, obstructions, u-turns, and an emergency stop.
CBT Certificate on Completion
When you complete a CBT course you will be given a Certificate of Completion (DL196). This will confirm your rights accordingly.
Your CBT Certificate allows you to ride on the road displaying L plates for two years.
If you have not passed a full motorcycle theory and practical test by the end of the two years, or if your CBT certificate runs out before you pass module two of the motorcycle test, you need to take another CBT course.